Hundreds of years ago
4th Std English Sultan Ghiyasuddin in the Qazi’s Court story of Sultan and Qazi. Hundreds of years ago, in the eastern province of Bengal, Sultan Ghiyasuddin Azam Shah ruled the land. His capital was Sonargaon. Sultan Ghiyasuddin was a good ruler. He ruled wisely and well. He respected men of learning. He had a deep regard for law.
One day, while the Sultan was practising with his bow and arrows, he accidently wounded the only son of a poor widow. The wounded boy did not survive. Weeping the poor widow went to the Qazi and told him what had happened.
Qazi was an honest and upright man
The Qazi was an honest and upright man. He sent an officer- the messenger to summon the Sultan to his court. When the officer – the messenger reached the palace, the guards stopped him and enquired about his business. When they learnt that officer had come to serve a summons on the Sultan, they were shocked. Guards refused to let him go inside the palace.
The officer was now in a fix. The guards did not allow him to enter the palace, but officer knew that he could not return without serving the summons. The Qazi would not take him back. officer had to find a way of reaching the Sultan somehow. What could he do ? He thought and thought.
the Sultan heard the loud advance call
At last, he began to sound the Azan, the call for the prayer, loudly, just outside the palace. It was not yet time for the prayer. When the Sultan heard the loud advance call, he was greatly surprised. He ordered that the man giving the call should be brought before him instantly.
His soldiers rushed out of the palace gates, caught the officer and took him to the Sultan within moments.
When the officer knelt before the Sultan, officer was trembling with fear. But he gathered all his courage and explained why he had given the call for Azan. Then, with quivering hands, he gave the summons to the Sultan. Sultan Ghiyasuddin took it without making any comment. Sultan Ghiyasuddin read the summons and told the officer to go back to the Qazi. He announced that he would appear in the Qazi’s court the next day.
The next day, the Sultan got ready to appear before the Qazi.
He hid a sharp sword in his robe and set out.
The courtroom was packed with people. Everyone was eager to see what would happen. The Qazi go in and took his place on the high seat of honour. In a minute while, Sultan Ghiyasuddin entered the courtroom. Everybody stood up to show respect to the Sultan, but the Qazi did not get up. The Sultan Ghiyasuddin stood in the docks and the trial began.
The widow presented her complaint. The Qazi took note of all the evidence and in a grave voice, addressed the Sultan.
“You are embarrassed of causing the death of the only son of this poor widow. According to the law, you must pay a fine for this offence. I order you to do that without delay.”
The Sultan Ghiyasuddin accepted the judgement and apologised to the widow. He arranged to pay the fine immediately. The widow felt pleased that the offence was brought home to the offender.
When the case was finished, the Qazi got up from his high seat of honour. Respectfully, Qazi bowed to the Sultan and requested him to take his seat.
The Sultan then drew the hidden sword from his robes and told the Qazi, “I am happy that you did not waver in your duty. You did not hesitate to punish me. Otherwise, I would have beheaded you with this sword.”
The Qazi then put his hand under the cushion where the Sultan was seated and brought out a whip. Qazi said, “Your Majesty, I am pleased for you followed the rule. Else, I would have whipped you in this court.”
The Sultan then got up and hugged the Qazi. “Thank God, we both did our duty !” he said.
Everyone present in the courtroom praised the two great men.
4th Std English Sultan Ghiyasuddin in the Qazi’s Court question and Answer
Q.1. Answer the following questions with ‘yes’ or ‘no’ :
1. Did the Sultan want to kill the widow’s son ?
Answer – No
2. Did the officer- messenger give the summons to the Sultan ?
3. Did the Sultan appear in the Qazi’s court ?
4. Was the Qazi’s judgement fair ?
5. Did the Sultan obey the law ?
6. Was the Sultan pleased with the Qazi ?
4th Std English Sultan Ghiyasuddin in the Qazi’s Court explanation in Hindi
Q. 2. Give reasons for the following :
1. The Sultan (king) hid a sword in his robe.
Ans – The sultan hid a sword in his robe to behead the Qazi (The judge) in case he had hesitated to do his duty.
2. The Qazi hid a whip under the cushion.
Ans The Qazi hid a whip under the cusion to whip (hit) the Sultan in case he had disobeyed the law.
3. The widow was satisfied.
Ans The widow was satisfied because she felt that justice was done.
4. Everyone praised the Sultan and the Qazi.
Ans Everyone praised the Sultan and the Qazi because the Qazi had done his duty, and the Sultan had obeyed the law even though he was the ruler ( King) of the land
Q. 3. Give opposites of the following words :
- Eastern X Western.
- Obey X Disobey.
- Respect X Disrespect.
- Enter X Exit.
- Untimely X Timely
- Honour X Dishonour.
- Accepted X Rejected.
- Appear X Disappear.
- Present X Absent.
- Satisfied X Dissatisfied.
Q. IV Answer in Short :
Why was the Sultan surprised?
Answer – The Sultan was Surprised when he heard the untimely call of Azan (prayer call).
2. What did the Sultan do when he got the summons ?
Answer – The Sultan read the summons . He told the officer that he would appear in the Qazi’s court the next day.